Sample Chart of Accounts for a Small Company AccountingCoach Chart of accounts, Accounting, Small business accounting


A chart of accounts is an index of all the financial accounts in a company’s general ledger . The chart of accounts is an index of all financial accounts in a company’s general ledger. The opposite side of the non-operating coin occurs when you, for instance, sell an asset – again, not including inventory – for less than book value. You capture this sort of loss in the non-operating category to separate it from typical operating expenses.


The chart of accounts for a major airline will have a lot more references to “aircraft parts” than your local cat cafe. Below, we’ll go over what the accounting chart of accounts is, what it looks like, and why it’s so important for your business. Every time you record a business transaction—a new bank loan, an invoice from one of your clients, a laptop for the office—you have to record it in the right account. In the chart of accounts, XYZ will credit $2,000 to the and debit $2,000 to the expense account for rent. 4- This sample chart of accounts also includes a column containing a description of each account in order to assist in the selection of the most appropriate account. 1- This is a partial listing of another sample chart of accounts.

Plus Size Clothing Store Financial Model

You would Sample Chart Of Accounts For A Small Company the cash account $1,000 and credit the revenue account $1,000 on the charts of the account. If your business relies heavily on imports, you must consider the tariffs, quotas, and fees while ordering merchandise from abroad. 3- The company decided to include a column to indicate whether a debit or credit will increase the amount in the account. For instance, you’l choose numbers between 100 and 199 for all assets accounts . Plus, having all of your data organized properly shows a good knowledge of financial health and best practices, which puts investors at ease that you’re confident and competent at managing money. A well-organized chart of accounts is a great tool for obtaining funding or loans.

types of accounts

An excellent choice for sole proprietors and new businesses, Kashoo combines an easy-to-use interface with solid accounting capability, including a default chart of accounts. Unlike other software applications, Kashoo does not include an option for importing an existing chart of accounts. Managing your chart of accounts is much easier when using accounting software.

Sample Chart of accounts

Includes all accrued liabilities, such as for wages and taxes. Most charts of accounts will look structurally similar to the one shown. Charts of accounts should be organized with simplicity in mind.

At a CAGR of 7.4%, Battery Technology Market to Cross US $136.6 billion by 2027 Globally – Benzinga

At a CAGR of 7.4%, Battery Technology Market to Cross US $136.6 billion by 2027 Globally.

Posted: Tue, 07 Mar 2023 01:45:00 GMT [source]

We’ll go into greater detail in a bit but, for the time being, just remember that you have a large degree of flexibility when it comes to building your COA and tailoring it to your specific needs. It should let you make better decisions, give you an accurate snapshot of your company’s financial health, and make it easier to follow financial reporting standards. Revenue accounts keep track of any income your business brings in from the sale of goods, services or rent. Companies in different lines of business will have different looking charts of accounts.

Farming and Agriculture Business Plan

Those that start with two, three, four, and five represent liability, equity, revenue, and expense transactions, respectively. When recording transactions in the charts of accounts, you assign reference or account numbers to entries. The number tells you which account a transaction belongs to based on the number’s first digit. Remember that a separate bank account is legally required for any company registered as an LLC or partnership.

What are the 6 basic accounts in business?

  • 1️⃣ General Journal. This book is referred to as the original entry book.
  • 2️⃣ General Ledger. This book is referred to as the final entry book.
  • 3️⃣ Cash Receipt Journal.
  • 4️⃣ Cash Disbursement Journal.
  • 6️⃣ Purchase Journal.

Includes interest paid and accrued on debts owed by the company to lenders. It may be necessary to also have an „Other Receivables“ account for other types of receivables, such as advances to employees. Making duplicate categories or accidentally filing an expense in the wrong category are common bookkeeping mistakes. Review your entire books at the end of the year to identify areas of possible consolidation.


While chart of accounts mapping does give important information on business transactions it should not, however, contain everything. Separate accounts for each item are unnecessary; try to club items wherever you can. Knowing what to record can help avoid a lot of confusion in the future. Each of these accounts is identifiable by a number, name, and description that is assigned to it on the chart.

  • The first digit of the number signifies if it is an asset, liability, etc.
  • A business XYZ withdraws $600 from its bank account to buy a heavy-duty printer.
  • A properly managed chart of accounts makes tax season much more efficient.
  • 4- This sample chart of accounts also includes a column containing a description of each account in order to assist in the selection of the most appropriate account.

As a matter of fact, this high-level review provides a perfect segue into our next topic. This post is to be used for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, business, or tax advice. Each person should consult his or her own attorney, business advisor, or tax advisor with respect to matters referenced in this post. Bench assumes no liability for actions taken in reliance upon the information contained herein. And if you are looking for an experienced SaaS accountant, reach out to us.

You should consider our materials to be an introduction to selected accounting and bookkeeping topics, and realize that some complexities are not presented. Therefore, always consult with accounting and tax professionals for assistance with your specific circumstances. Try to establish a chart of accounts structure that stays relevant and does not need to be constantly changed. This can help standardize your systems which then makes it easier for your accounts personnel to conduct historical performance comparisons.

What accounts should a small business have?

Common business accounts include a checking account, savings account, credit card account, and a merchant services account. Merchant services accounts allow you to accept credit and debit card transactions from your customers. You can open a business bank account once you've gotten your federal EIN.

There’s nothing special about the balance sheet accounts you use within your COA since they flow into the balance sheet you already know and love. In the bigger picture, it also makes it difficult to accurately gauge your organization’s financial health. Upping the ante even more, we’re also including a COA template to provide you with a handy jumpstart to your own chart of accounts. So on that note, let’s jump right in because clearer, more organized financials and improved decision-making are just around the corner. Well, that’s exactly how someone looking through your financials would feel if it wasn’t for the accounting equivalent of that life-saving index – the chart of accounts .

Scroll to Top